Skrad through history - Skrad | tourist association of the municipality of Skrad

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Skrad through history

Not far from Skrad is a romantic wild surroundings, resembles a gorge in the mountains of Salzburg. In our country there are lots of magnificent
scenery that could be compared with foreign.
According to the book Antun Nemčić "Putositice¨

About Skrad wrote Antun Nemčić, Croatian writer when he traveled Louisijanska road through Gorski Kotar in 1943. This is the first reported experience of nature with
the travel part of Croatian literature. All people who travel through Gorski kotar have experience that  it is one of the most beautiful parts of the Croatia.
All the surrounding mountain scenery and romantic places. Skrad is just such a place in the heart of Gorski kotar.

Municipality Skrad is one of small in Gorski kotar; spreads on 53,85 km2 and have 900 inhabitants. There is 32 smaller or larger settlements, but in 7 of them there isnt more inhabitans. Skrad is the central municipal settlement. Skrad is located along Luizijanska road-old, more recently modernized road and the railway tracks, roads linking the Croatian hinterland with Rijeka via Gorski Kotar. With important natural advantages, and favorable traffic situation during the past period was significantly and stimulating influence on the development of Skrad. The first clear and reliable information on the existence of Skrad date from 1694 year. Recent studies, however, show that the present area of ​​Skrad the toponym used already in 1641, but then, in all likelihood, the settlement has not been. It is known that on 12 June 1694, eight of the farmer received from the estate, which is headquartered in Brod na Kupi, country and established a settlement. In XVII. century, when in this area stopped the Turkish invasion robber family life began returning to destroyed villages. Zrinski, who in 1577. took over from kinship Frankopana ship's estate, they started their deserted properties around the ship to buy populate the new serfs. Returnees are here brought Kajkavski dialect. That is squeezed Čakavsko raised here before the Turkish raids. Dialect, so called. Goranska kajkavština, and today the inhabitants of this region. Zrinskih efforts to renew the ship's estate should thank in XVII. century renovated and Skrad. Initially Skrad slowly elvolved. It is known that even in 1805, had 13 houses, 14 families and 114 residents, all of whom were serfs of the marine estate. Significantly faster development of Skrad began when the place was built Luizijanska road that connected Karlovac with Rijeka. The construction of the road was a consequence of the increasing traffic and trade that took place between the Croatian inland and the coast of Kvarner. Build it was started in 1803 from Rijeka to Karlovac. Already in 1809, was completed by Netretić near Karlovac. Continued work was interrupted by the war in which the Europe, including the Austrian Empire, drew the french emperor Napoleon I of France's army occupied part of Croatian to the right bank of the Sava and Skrad so in one short period he was in the French Empire as part of the Illyrian provinces. During this period is completed the road to Karlovac, which ended the French because of military importance of the road.  According to Napoleon's wife Mary Louise, the road Luizijana is named. The French left in 1813, but the name of the road remained to this day. More recently extensively reconstructed and paved. So modernized committed to traffic in 1954 year. For development Skrada no events had not as significant as the completion of the Luizijanska road. The new road is taking place live traffic. It is estimated that it a day and went to 1000 carts. In the transportation involving the local population, and in Skrad is an open-house for travelers, built barns and storage of livestock and vehicles as they start on the road. According to one legend, it happened in 1820, but it is more reliable to make it happen in 1841. This massive building, built in the baroque style, which was an inn with overnight stay, and today there under the protection of the Conservation department in Rijeka as one of the valuable historical buildings in Gorski Kotar. Gradually in Skrad opened inns and hostels in individual households. Skrađani are so very early learned to deal with strangers and they hosting passengers not since then been foreign. A new, important impetus for progress Skrada occurred in 1873 when the railroad was completed, which is also passed through Skrad, linking the Croatian hinterland with the Kvarner coast and the port of Rijeka. Skrad then found the two roads that are, in their own way, marked the life and development of his and surrounding villages during the XIX. and the XX. century. In the second half of the XIX. century, the number of inhabitants in Skrad increased so arose the need to begin their education youth. The primary school was opened in 1876, and in the neighboring place Divjake in 1886.

Today's primary school Skrad, with regional school in Kupjak, developed modern educational institution which is well equipped with teaching equipment and with a rich school library, and is in the new, highly decorated school building which was built in 1976. In addition to school there is Kindergarden. Overall progress Skrada during the XX. century was the decisive factor in the transferring of church life from Divjak. Church of St. Izidora in Divjak was built in 1754 or the year before, and independent parish was founded in 1807. It included all the settlements in the area that now belongs to the municipality of  Skrad. Parish's house built in 1845. The oldest church in Skrad is church of St. Antuna, it is mentioned for the first time in 1733. It was later demolished and on its foundations was built in 1864 new. It was thoroughly restored in 1996, a parish house was completed and officially opened on January 19, 1975, when he transferred here, the parish seat, since in the meantime, and a substantial portion of the population left the villages around the former parish seat of the Divjak. The period until the start of World War II experience the golden age of development in Skrad, in particular as a famous tourist destination in the former state. At the beginning of XX. century tourists come here because of the very favorable climatic conditions in the attractive mountain conditions. Therefore, in Skrad already in 1914 founded the Society of transport of foreigners, the forerunner of the Tourism society, which is worried about the fact that the place you better prepare to accept guests who have come here in summer and winter, to rest, recovery and recuperation. In this period was built in Zeleni vir of hydroelectric power plants (1921) -  Skrad is first in Gorski Kotar got electricity. And the first hotel in Gorski Kotar was built in Skrad (1919 hotel "Zeleni Vir"). A little later, in 1933, was built villa "Verin bor" board which is his owner arranged and conducted at the level of that time tourist facilities in Switzerland. They were built and building in the area of ​​Šiler (children's convalescent home, a sanatorium to recover the submarine navy of the Kraljevine Jugoslavije, opened in 1938), she began to act Youth nursery colony of the Crveni križ, and Skrad has become a famous tourist spot in which to come to rest, recover and treatment of respiratory organs from many parts of the former Jugoslavija. In winter it was Skrad and ski destination where they were stopped by lovers of skiing for recreation or competition. It should, in fact, say that Skrađani already in 1935 built a ski jump (for jumps up to 30 m) on the northern slopes Skradski summit (designed by the Norwegian T.T Hansen), in the years when ski just begun to spread, especially in ski jumping on a special arranged jumps. Due to favorable climatic conditions and the beauty of the landscape Skrad in 1936 declared "high-altitude air spa", rehabilitation center and health resort for people suffering with respiratory organs.

With transit tourism, the most important industry in Skrad and its surroundings were and after World War II, the exploitation of forest resources. Forestry is here established very early, in the years when the ship took over the estate noble family of Thurn und Taxis. In forestry, the local population employed as forest workers, transporters, which were with his cattle-drawn cart included in turnover (until they were pushed out by trucks), workers in the timber industry and sawmills. An important economic sector of employment of the population was electric power. Some are recruited and rail. In employment, especially for women, had an important role and facilities in the area Šiler, where he first worked resort for military personnel, tuberculosis patients, and after that there is a nice children's rehabilitation center for children of military personnel. Today these valuable objects totally neglected ... Significant changes affected Skrad in the years since Croatian independence. In 1993, is established the municipality of Skrad. Until then, here was only a local office. Economic flows in the municipality suffered substantial changes or even decline, especially when in 2003 opened a new, modern highway that skewed Skrad. It disappeared a transit car traffic in Skrad, especially in tourism, the postponement: most restaurants are closed. The general life flows slowed or completely stopped and now seeks to revive health - recreational tourism, leaning on the revitalization of the building on Šileru, and return to Skrad meaning of tourism as it once had. About improvement of the economy in the municipality of Skrad in Gorski Kotar and takes care of Business Incubator (PINS Ltd.) which was established in 1995. It is based in Skrad and its the incentives and support contributed to the fact that now there are in this area for more than fifty entrepreneurs diverse professions. In the cultural life of a sports and achieved valuable results. The center of cultural life is completely renovated and very modern furnishings Cultural Centre, opened in 2004. It organizes art exhibitions, concerts and other occasional cultural events. Since 1996, continuously and very successfully operating Choir, a central component of KUD "Zeleni vir". Revived and sporting life: acting football club, are active athletes, bowlers and Mountaineering Club "Skradski vrh". And fire service in the municipality of Skrad has a rich tradition (Skradski firefighters operating since 1932), excellently organized and equipped. All this shows that the municipality of Skrad and in new, partly changed conditions, despite the initial lagging, and gained achievements in the economic and social life that it opens wide avenues in the general development.

Mr. sc. Vladimir Mance

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